Kamis, 06 April 2017

Amazing Captain America Civil War Coloring Pages For Your Little One

Amazing Captain America Civil War Coloring Pages For Your Little One

jubal early and the lost cause believe this i forget what the officialtitle of this thing was in your brochures. i can't remember so i just putprofit of the lost cause. i thought some people might like the word profit overthere but basically what jubal early is going to do is he is going to be a keyplayer in the postwar years, meaning in memory. and that is a big thing amongacademics. memory. the word memory. they want to study how people remember things,and how things are interpreted in and so forth and you've probably heard in thecivil war jargon that the south may have
lost the war but they definitely won thehistory books or something along those lines. well old jube is one ofthe big catalyst for that so we're going to look into that and see why that isand if you look in the encyclopedia of the confederacy, some of you may havethat four or five volumes, right there, if you look under the letter e the first entry that you will see inthe encyclopedia of the confederacy is jubal early and i always thought when i openthat up to get some biographical information i thought that was apropos, that he would be first. he really doesn't need any introduction. allof you gettysburg buffs know him by name
or by reputation which we'll talk aboutin a minute but jubal early was quote unquote lee's bad old man he was anunreformed bachelor he was somebody that freely stated hisopinion sometimes when it was asked for and most of the time when it was notright here and he was reportedly the only man that had the audacity to swearin front of robert e lee you can imagine doing that and that is why he wasreferred to by lee as my bad old man right here old jube he's quite a character oftenthought you know when that when that generic question is posed if you had atime machine who would you go back who
would you go back and have dinner withwho he would be high on my list right you know that won't be picked upon camera its fantastic alright so to show you a little bit about his charactermaybe not show you a little bit about his character does anybody know before i tell youwhere what this guy symbolizes to me does anybody know what usually isunderneath him the south will rise again or forget hell no that's right when iwas a kid the church took us down i think wewent to disney world or something don't quote me that we were going down toflorida and back in the seventies and
i'll never forget i could never get overall the confederate stuff you want to call it that for sale in all these trinketsstores along the way in florida right there and i still have my sticker rightthere but i didn't have i didn't have anything else to illustrate this pointright here so i thought he was apropos in 1890 remember this is way after thewar it was twenty-five years after the war toward his final days early's final daysgeneral george crook was more famous i think for indian fighting than the civilwar came to see early in lynchburg virginia and crook recorded "while waiting we met general early he has much stooped and feeble but as bitterand violent as an adder he has no use
for the government or the northernpeople and boast of his being unreconstructed in that he won't accepta pardon for his rebellious offenses he is living entirely in the past" what doesthat tell you it's gonna be a theme here jubal early is going to be completelyliving in the past and he will never forget the past now jubal early isstands over six foot kind of a striking figure but despite his height he wasstooped by rheumatism during the war one sold remarked that jubal early would spendall night the saddle quote "for he has the rheumatism so bad that if he oncegets out of the saddle he can't get into it again" another soldier described himas quote "one of the great curiosity
curiosities of the war he is a man ofconsiderable corporacity" notice he didn't sayglib "with a full face which has the appearance of a full moon when at itsheight his voice sounds like a cracked chinese fiddle and comes fromhis mouth with a long drawl" good southern drawl "accompanied by theinner loption of os- he is as brave as he is homely and is homely aman as any man you ever saw" he's born old jube is born on november 3rd 1816 at rockymount in franklin county virginia probably known more today from hit tvseries moonshiners right there ok during the war i watchit all the time during the war one
soldier remarked that let me back up early is gonna enter united states military academy westpoint in 1833 and he's going to graduate four years later in 1837 his classincluded joe hooker the union general future union general john c pembertonwho is that? vicksburg its a quiz a lot of you came to that presentationand uncle john will be the union general sedgewick right there alright but not before he did notgraduate before armistead and what did armistead do to early at west point? that's right he broke a plate over jubalearly's head and for that lewis armistead
of gettysburg fame was expelled nowearly is going to resign his commission in 1838 but he is going to return to serve in themexican war where he contracted the rheumatism i have talked about that wouldplague him and instead after that and said he would resign again i suppose orin civil life after that early will become a lawyer so if you think aboutjubal early and you wanna know where he's coming up with his arguments or how hemakes it so well law is his background military and law what abetter fit could you have for somebody who needs to fight battles and then argueabout them afterwards so he's a lawyer i once heard about a poorlawyer did you ever hear about that it
was a town that had a poor lawyer untilone day another lawyer moved to town then there were two rich lawyers now in 1861 that will be edited out too in 1861 franklin county elected him tobe one of the delegates to the secession convention that's the document obviouslyprobably surprisingly to some of you will be a surprise to some of you thatearly was a staunch unionist very staunch unionist at the convention he earned thenickname quote "the terrapin from franklin" for his slow evolution to thesouthern side early believed in the supremacy of the us constitution andit influences a large reason why virginia remained in the union as longas it did you recall that virginia did
not secede until lincoln called for 75,000 volunteers that's when virginia left even after fort sumter though andthe call for the volunteers jubal early is still going to vote to remain in theunion and you do not know how hard i worked on blowing this document up onthe left side you have the yeas on the right side you have the nays and youwill clearly see right here that there is a check mark on the final role forsecession with jubal early voting no to leave the union so but when lincolndid call for those troops early completely did a flip flop i don't thinkmany people as an aside i think people sometimes fail to realize how thatgalvanized a lot of moderates or or
people that wanted to remain in theunion when they heard that lincoln was sending the troops andthat a lot of people going into the southern the confederate army early felt that it was the right to prevent theright of the states by the state authorities to repel any invasion anydoubts that early had about secession quote "were soon dispelled by theunconstitutional measures of the authorities of washington and the frenzyclamor of the people of the north for war upon their former brethren of thesouth" as he put it in the postwar years early would point to his pro-union stance andwould justify secession by comparison to
the revolutionary war early claimed thesame right for the states as the colonies did against great britainhowever early believe the states have more right to secession early believed the states had more right to secession then the coloniesever did because the states were sovereign entities that it conceived quote"the government of which they complained so he thought they were more on a legal footing with the as far as secession in the colonies had been like my rights now this is you know early threw himselfwholeheartedly into the war here's a quick biography our point here todayis not really to study the words to
study the aftermath so i'll gloss over ithe earned his first star for his actions at bull run he was wounded at the battle ofwilliamsburg virginia may of 62 and he''ll return for malvern hill, cedarmountain, second manassas and harpers ferry both jackson and lee praised hisleadership at the battle sharpsburg and at fredericksburg now at gettysburg earlywill always be united with richard ewell's decision notto try to take cemetery hill on the first day of the battle a lot of what weknow about the conversations that went on between the confederate chiefs as thesun set on gettysburg comes from early the problem with that is that early wasa lawyer ok so it depends you know and
i say that and i shouldn't pick on early toomuch but it's really i've said this before it's really a shame that how manypeople had so much to tell us but yet they had an axe to grind in some wayform or the other early will probably disagree with that statement he wouldtell you he was telling the truth but that's the way it goes right herebut early is going to be one of the chief recorders of that now on july2nd as you remember you gettysburg buffs his division is going to attack eastwhat we call east cemetery hill right over here that's going to be hays and averyand he will not be supported on his right the confederate right flank byrobert rhodes attacking from behind the
mcdonalds right back there alright and supposedly warm words werepassed between early and rhodes after the engagement that night on july 2nd atleast a newspaper reporter recorded that he didn't say a confederate officerconsidered early to be quote "one of the ablest and wittiest of our generals ofquaint dry humor grinning like a possum his voice an old woman's thin hightenor always joking someone and always the butt of a joke." given temporarycommands of both hill and ewell's corps separate times in the overlandcampaigns that's 1864 early took over the permanent commander of richard ewell'scorps upon that commander being relieved
by lee in the summer of 64 he received anindependent command in the shenandoah valley upon personally arriving inlynchburg right before the union cavalry took the town itself remember that early is going to savelynchburg early raised himself in the saddle as he arrived upon the field andhollered across quote "ain't no buttermilk rangers after you now you goddamn blue butts" i can't do it as high pitched that'll be edited out too john paul strain i believe painted that now earlyfound initial success in the in the
valley even getting to the gates ofwashington before getting turned back that's gonna be the battle of monocacyand phil sheridan then took command of the union forces and long story shortproceeded to kick old jube's tail for the rest of 64 places like 3rd winchester,fisher's hill, and cedar creek all defeats for jubal early many people blamed early's defeatson his drinking which he was not a teetotaler but i think this is patentlyfalse i think it's lost on a lot of people though how and this is going toblend into the post-war years so i want to make this point i'll come back toearly's military wisdom in just a second
but do not fail to recognize how loyaljubal early was to robert e lee and i mean that even though i make a lot ofjokes and he's a funny character sarcasm and so for jubal early loved robert e leeand would do anything he could to please his commander if lee wanted something todo like he had just i'll give you an example after 3rd winchester fisher's hill, he getsthrown back across the valley don't quote me think lee sends in wilcox'sdivision or maybe its kershaw's division but anyway he said he sends himsome reinforcements and lee writes to him he says this is all i can give you you must dothe most you can with the little that you have and that's cedar creek if youif you look up cedar creek you'll see
what early did and that is all being bylee galvanizing early's action look at what lee wants lee can't be everywherehe's got to have a commander that can think independently and jubal early despite a lot of flawscan make a decision and is an aggressive commander so i think both men actuallyappreciated each other early recognized quote "that he was never what is called apopular man" despite that lee place the faith in jubal and jubal reciprocated tenfold after a final defeat at the battle waynesboro onmarch 2nd 1865 robert e lee is going to remove early from command and out of allthe laurels that he gained in the war
the one thing that jubal like to showvisitors in the postwar years was the letter from robert e lee removing himfrom command if you came to see jubal early that's what you would see rightthere alright and in this robert e lee if youwant to see how to paint it jubal actually published it in his memoirs at the endif you want to see how to write a letter letting somebody down robert e lee canteach you how to do that i'll read you a brief excerpt - "my telegram will informyou that i deem a change of commanders in your department necessary ; butit is due to your zealous and patriotic services that i should explain thereasons that prompted my action."
lee then goes on to say that the countrybasically has lost faith in jubal early after all of his setbacks. "i have reluctantly arrived at the conclusion that youcannot command the united willing cooperation which is so essential tosuccess while my own confidence in your ability zeal and devotion to the causeis unimpaired" notice he said the cause - this is in 1865 - the cause - this is not somethinginvented the words are not something in the postwar years "while your devotion tothe cause is unimpaired i've never less felt that i could not oppose what seemsto be the current of opinion without injustice to your reputation
in injury to the service itherefore felt constrained to endeavor to find a commander who would be morelikely to develop the strengths and resources of the country and inspire thesoldiers with confidence and to accomplish this purpose i thought itproper to yield to my own opinion and to defer to that of those to whomalone we can look for support." he goes on, "i am sure that you will understand andappreciate my motives" lee writes him, "and no one will be more ready than yourselfto acquiesce in any measures which the interest of the country may seem torequire regardless of all personal considerations thank you for the" - hecloses this way - " thank you for the
fidelity and energy with which you havealways supported my efforts and for the courage and devotion you have evermanifested in the service of the country." and that's the way you fire somebodyat least that's the way you get fired by robert e lee the remarkable thing about it is most oftime robert e lee didn't write people you had to be up there you know he didn't writecolonels when he relieved now after lee surrendered early didn't wait around tosurrender himself but let out for texas and reportedly confederate forces werestill fighting there and early was bound to join them finding texas played outthough and the confederacy at an end
he decided quote "to get out from underthe rule of the infernal yankees i cannot live under the same governmentwith our enemies i go there for a voluntary exile from the home and gravesof my ancestors to seek my fortunes anew in the new world early therefore continued on to mexicowhere he hoped to find another war against the united states brewing rememberfrance was down there he just wants to fight more yankees when that didn't panout early eventually took a steamer to canada and settled across the water fromniagara falls while there he read about the policies being enacted against thesouth and declared at one point quote "i got
to the condition that i think i couldscalp a yankee woman and child without winking my eyes in 1866 he wrote a memoir of the lastyear of the war for independence which did not sell well as well as he hoped but keep in mind 1866 he is one of the first confederategenerals one of the chief lieutenants to get his story out there with presidentandrew johnson's amnesty proclamation i couldn't find early' signature. why?becuase he never signed one right there early never less returned to virginia in1869 and settled into a law practice again early never accepted a pardon. oh no.quote "ooking upon this proclamation is
in the final acknowledgement by thegovernment of it's inability to hold us responsible under the laws andconstitution as they stood for our resistance to their usurpations andencroachments, i accepted in the in that light and not as a pardon for anyoffence committed i think i can now return without any compromise ofprincipal and it is certainly a great deal better for me to do so then remaina burden in the hands of friends who have to submit to the ills of a yankeerule in order to be able to furnish the means on which i live." he is not bitter here's the thing but he needs a job he's gonna get a job and who is the guy on theright?
in 1877 early took a position as acommissioner with pgt beauregard of louisiana state lottery you wouldn't takethe job? i'd probably take the job. i think he got an annual salary of $10,000 atleast at one point not too bad now the louisiana lottery how many you bought alottery ticket for tomorrow or tonight? it's tonight isn't it? well, you just wasted yourmoney because here's the winner you gonna come back next time its gonna bethe matt atkinson auditorium buffet, smorgasbord, white gloves. there you go. i wassitting with this person other night we were sitting in subway and she's supposed to split it with me if she winsi'm like we're going over how we're
going to spend this money and she'sgonna build a new church i said heck no we ain't building no church we gonna get a limo. that didn't work out either i guess it's gonna be the matt atkinson church that will be something. alright so anyway i'm digressing.i probably have add but i don't treat it because that'shalf the fun. the louisiana lottery was a lottery unliketoday's lottery that it's sort of the same i mean a lottery is a lottery but itwas it was a lot of back-door stuff going on i will not say that becausejubal early and i should say this for beauregard and early i wouldn't say that thelottery was dirty was playing dirty pool
however the lottery had somequestionable practices such as the lottery sometimes will buy their owntickets so when they won the prize they didn't have to pay out you think aboutthat so what would happen is jubal early about once a month will board the trainfrom lynchburg virginia and he would ride down there and him and beauregardwould get on the stage and they had a big wheel like like what you guyscylinder yeah thats name for it and it had a door on so what they would do iscranked it around had all the lottery tickets in their and early would reachinside the cylinder and retrieve the number he would say the number and then hewould hold it up to the crowd to ensure
that there was no fraud going on theywould then they would draw like forty or fifty prizes and then after they haddone the numbers beauregard would come up and they would have a separate cylinderand beauregard would reach into this cylinder and draw out the prize and someof these prizes just like the lottery that's going on tonight you know wasthat seven or eight hundred million is being drawn tonight some of these youknow we'll get up to $100,000 that is an astronomical amount of money for the time period butnobody ever won it but they people did win i mean you know five ten thousandsomething like that so anyway early's getting a piece of the pie becausehe's given it legitimacy right there
what you need to know is far as the lostcause is what we're about to go into is that the lottery salary the importantpart for what we're doing here today is the lottery salary allowed jubal early thefreedom to devote his time to writing and that's how he's going to because hedidn't have to worry about making a living now getting into the subjectmatter here what is the lost cause that's the only slide that does that soi cant i feel i can overemphasize that right there and they don't know how idid that what is the lost cause? well that's a hard thing to answer alost cause i don't know i mean how do you like shorten that answer
the short answer might be is that thelost cause is the postwar arguments of southerners and why they fought and that'sa very broad brush i'm painting right there today's debate about the lost cause is over whether those arguments were true or not the name the lost causecomes from the ever popular book the lost cause this a standard southernhistory of the war of the confederacy was published in 1866 and this espoused the southern point of view what is already showed you and robert e lee'sletter to early firing him the the lost cause was not something that wasinvented by pollard it was just you know most famous book to come out
opponents of the lost cause lists anumber of different grievances against the southern arguments and it's hard tojail all the opponents arguments together so i decided to do the best icould and what i went out to do is i sat down and i had all these people thatall these historians that attack the lost cause and arguments and everything thatcame up with it and so i sat there at my desk and i said who is the person whohates the confederacy the most is that would give me credibility because i'mfrom the south so you can't blame me i'm quoting the guy so the guy i came up with and he actuallydoes makes a susinct argument is a gentleman named alan t. nolanand he wrote an essay it went to gary
gallagher's essay books about the lostcause and so i took his views on it and put those up here now i come from adifferent mindset than some people i'm not saying all people are like this etc. i'm going to give you thearguments this is going to be a radical new old idea for you you're going tohave to make up your own mind whether you agree with them or not remember whenyou used to have independent thinking right here my gosh yeah somebody asked mesays neither here nor there not about this but they asked me why do youthink that way i said was what my eyes told me so anyway
tenets of the lost cause right here now itried i could not find anybody on the staff that could make the bullet pointsslide in so you're not getting that ok first one slavery was not the sectionalissue the war wasn't over slavery according to the tenets of the southern historiansof the lost cause the war was over state's rights alright so you already know see earlywas successful the abolitionist as provocateurs northern abolitionistsmanufactured a disagreement between the sections in other words the abolitionistswere the ones that stirred up all the trouble they were minority in the northand yet they managed to get the north to go to war the nature of slaves pollardin the book the lost cause says quote
"the occasion of that conflict was whatthe yankees called by one of their convenient libels in politicalnomenclature slavery but what was in fact nothing more than a system of negroservitude in the south one of the mildest in most beneficent system of servitude in the world." nobody's going to touch that one but what do the southerners argue they actually argued that slavery was abenefit i don't know how anybody would agree with it but that is one of the argumentsthe nationalistic cultural difference this is the cavaliers and nights of oldview of the civil war in 1860 the
southern literary messenger is beforethe civil war in the southern literary messenger described northerners is beingdescended from anglo-saxons the anglo-saxons were conquered by william the conquerorand the normans the southern literary messenger claim that southerners to bedescended from normans all right now there are culturaldifferences ok there are you can like go through their i invite you to like tospend an hour or two volunteering for me at the front door and you will seecultural differences ok i see it every day welcome up to the front desk andsometimes my fellow americans my
fellow northerners i walk away from thefront desk from an from talking to you all and i think to myself my gosh i knowwhy the war began now military loss "the confederates hadnot really been defeated they had instead been overwhelmed by massivenorthern manpower and material" well the idealized home front everybodypulled toward the same goal and all supported the confederacy wholeheartedlythe biggest monument in the state of mississippi easily to the confederacy is the statue on the capitol grounds in mississippi and it is actuallydedications monument is actually dedicated to the women of theconfederacy and the sacrifices so the
idealized homefront next one is theidealized confederate soldier "heroic indefatigable gallant andlaw-abiding" "in many ways he was the principal victim of the lost cause myth"nolan surprisingly adds i like this by him i'll say it again in manyways he was the principal victim of the lost cause myth "nor do i contend" nolansays "that the majority of confederate soldiers believed they were fighting topreserve slavery in fact they were but many of them thought in terms ofdefending their homeland and families and resisting what their leaders hadtold them was northern aggression so he's making the argument thegovernment may have supported slavery
but probably the average southernsoldiers did not directly the lawfulness of secession saints go marching in which we're going to touch on a minute which involves thebeatification big word for you beatification of lee, jackson, and theothers is there anybody else besides lee and jackson now what do you think so what do you think of that that's alot of points you know and i'm not looking for a roundtable discussion i'mjust looking to give caitlin a hard time filming me right now so i just keep pacingall the way over here to the corner so what do youthink those are arguments that are
summed up by the southerners now youprobably don't agree with them all but do you agree with some of them and wouldyou say what some of them are probably lies or bending the truth i guess to acertain extent but would you say that the majority of them are untrue or arewe simply saying that the southerners are emphasizing something one point ofthe war over another point of the war i don't tell you what'sright or wrong answer here right here but as you know it has become very hotthe subject of the confederacy lately and especially anything related to theconfederacy now early getting back to him is going to be one of the top defendersof what is called the lost cause with
the war over in the south in shamblesearly would write "the true and brave soldier who suffersdefeat while fighting for a just cause at the hands of a vindictiveenemy and therefore suffers the agonies of a thousand deaths indeed a real death too many would be preferable think about that jubalearly's gonna be emphasizing different points but what did jubal early's eyes tell him during the war what did jubal early see during thewar i mean for instance do any of yall recall what was called this will test youcivil war knowledge
to recall what was called the theburning in the shenandoah valley in 64 early arrives in lynchburg around thattime i believe david hunter is involved in that union general side and basically longstory short that's going to allow early to march all the way into that. indirectlythe burnings in the shenandoah valley are going to be gin up theretaliation which is going to take place by the confederates right beside us inchambersburg in 1864. the confederates will burn that town in retaliation for thethings that have been done in the shenandoah valley early isseeing this and he's seen a lot of
smaller stuff on a daily basis i meanthis is what his eyes are telling him now the southern historical society papers wasorganized in new orleans in 1869 the southern historical society paper soughtto preserve "the true history of the civil war one that emphasize thathonor and nobility of the confederate cause." initially the society did notgarner more than a hundred members so to jump-start membership the group met atwhite sulphur springs in today's west virginia in 1873 jubal early was electedpresident. if i say shsp you know southern historic society papers. the shspstarts publishing in 1876 ironic though i found this interestingthat the peak circulation there was only
around 1,500 members i thought there'dbe a lot more but despite setting up auxiliary chapters in other southernstates too in 1885 publication went from monthly to annually so it was never reallythat big as far as it's circulation but the papers helped develop and presentsouthern veterans points of view an advertisement in the shsp asserted "our papers interesting to all lovers of historic truth and simply invaluable to those who desire to seevindicated the name and fame of those who made our great struggle forconstitutional freedom." not a bias publication at all as you can seearticles primarily concentrated on
three things on the greatnessof lee, the fight against overwhelming northern resources in men, and in theearly days of the publication the tardiness of james longstreet at gettysburg. more about all that later after 1910 volumes only appearedsporadically douglas southall freeman took over as editor in 1926 and publishedthe proceedings of the confederate congress the last volume from the shspcame out in 1952 and with freeman's death in 1953 the shsp archives was donated tothe virginia historical society backing up a little bit as shsp will become theorgan for early's voice. in a prior letter to robert e lee in 1866 earlysaid "the most that has left us is
the history of our struggle and i thinkthat ought to be accurately written we lost nearly everything but honor andthat should be religiously guarded and harking back to my earlier points aboutwhat confederate veterans in the postwar years when early becamepresident of the shsp in 1873 the publication would start really popunding in those three main things i said earlier roberte lee, northern resources, and james longstreet. let's look at the first thingconfederate soldiers being far superior to their opponents this idea you know how hard i had work to find
that picture type in confederatessuperior to northern and see what you come up with the idea that early wouldput forth is that southerners came from a superior race and that northerners weredescended from an inferior perhaps akin to mongral race of "yankees, negroes,germans, and irish." think about covered everybody and this argument wasjuxtaposed with the greater population numbers of the north and then and theirindustrial might and this lent itself to the argument "might does not make right" and the confederates could still claim the moralhigh ground the south "have been gradually worn down by the combined agencies of numbers, steam power,
railroads, mechanisms, and all theresources of physical science " all this "finally producedthat exhaustion of our army and resources and that accumulation ofnumbers on the other side that roth the final disaster." early took personalexception when northern writers who portrayed the two armies is numericallyclose and reviewing the war early mocked union general george mcclellan'stendency to overestimate lee's numerical strength saying "i might multiply the instances of the attempts of our enemies to falsify thetruth of history in order to excuse their manifold failures, and toconceal the inferiority of their troops
and all the elements of manhood, but i will become too tedious." you knowthe one thing i like about the show is i get to readthese nice quotes to you when adam badeau grant's military secretary in thelate war period wrote the london standard newspaper that u.s. grant's armyat the start of 1864 spring campaign was 98,000 and robert e lee had 72,000early had a conniption early retorted it was more like a 141,000 to 50,000 thousand the actual numbers were probably closer 220,00060,000 early proclaimed that the southernpeople "were overpowering crushed
in a struggle for their rights" and hewrote the newspaper that they had only history to appeal for for vindication now grant ofcourse cannot be the equal of lee. early held grant up to be the ultimate symbolof northern supremacy a man that had no strategy at all only brute force behind himall things being equal lee would have bested grant on any field according to earlyearly gested the grant's title for a book on strategy should be"the lincoln grant" or "pegging hammer art of war." speaking of lee
now i put in i put in googlerobert e lee saint and then i didn't get anything i put in deity and i didn't get anything so so i was surprised andso the only thing i could come up with is this is the cross picture what's so funny about that? that wasn't no jokegreat program that brings us to our second theme thebeatification of lee from alan t. nolan's list early and numerous southernwriters sought to elevate lee to a christ-like status the anointingcame in the form of a speech early made at washington and lee university on theanniversary of lee's birthday in 1872
early took a chronological look at thecampaigns lee had fought each opponent took a each opponent he faced was given shortshrift from mcclellan to pope to hooker the man who did defeat him grant was asale with the argument already illustrated of superior numbers andresources bracing for this word even the mag magnanimity of grant at appomattoxgarnered no praise from early appomattox only demonstrated lee's"superiority over his antagonist and all the qualities of a great captain of theconfederate soldier over the northern. general lee had not been conquered inbattle but surrendered because he had no longer an army with which to give battle."but lee was defeated by u. s. grant so you
got something you need to explain rightthere so how do you explain it who ultimately led to robert e lee beingdefeated? longstreet now longstreet is going to beattacked on three fronts first he should have attacked earlier on july 2nd here at gettysburg that's the sunrise order wediscount that today but do not discount how big a deal that was in the 1870 and 1880s i mean it that that sunrise order argument ormyth whatever you wanna call it got so big that jefferson davis and is in histwo volumes rise and fall of the confederacy he referred to when he got to
gettysburg he referred to the shsp because there was nothing else to sayabout the argument. the sunrise order it was just the gospel truth is second thing longstreetwas attacked on which he criticized robert e lee while defending his actionsthird longstreet on a personal note had committed an apostasy by becoming acatholic and joining the republican party what is the south democrat whilerelating his narrative about the war when the subject of gettysburg came upearly stated that during the battle lee wished for longstreet "to begin theattack at dawn the next morning" of course you can guess the next argumentif longstreet would have attacked iat
dawn so says early little round topwould have been undefended early also made the assertion that during pickett'scharge the confederate assault was not properly supported now here do we have alecture on the second wave believe we do the second charge obviously robert e lee did not make any dawn attack order and evensome of lee staff officers charles venable and charles marshall repudiated itin 1872 but the next year 1873 william pendleton lee's chief of artillery heremade the same assertion during the birthday speech at w&l universityagain and that's how the legend in the dawn attack really began to take holdthe ensuing controversy unfolded over
the next several years and early upped theante for years later in 1877 in the pages of the shsp "we unequivocallystated the confederate defeat at gettysburg was longstreet's fault. notstuart, ewell or even himself it was james longstreet. fitz lee, william allen, waltertaylor ,then followed with other articles reinforcing early's accusationslongstreet did not stand idle he would write an article to the philadelphiaweekly towns in 1877 entitled lee in pennsylvania in this he accused lee "losing the matchless equipos that usually characterized him that whatevermistakes were made were not so much matters of delivered judgment as theimpulses of a great mind disturbed by
unparallel conditions." longstreet further stated that lee's remarkthe end of pickett's charge that "it has been all my fault" was said in thecontext that he should have never left the tactical defensive policy agreedwith with longstreet before the campaign now you think about that the paragraph ijust read do you think about how that hit the southern veterans right here longstreet is missing a huge point andthat point is despite being a wounded confederate veteran owned and lee'schief lieutenant in the only one still living by the way
longstreet failed to see how firmly thememory of lee had become unassailable these things get it he also made thecardinal sin of making himself robert e lee's equal on the field of battle instrategy etc wrong time in the wrong place when longstreet published those articles surprisingly juablearly had the whole articlereprinted in the shsp in this magnanimous act early let longstreetdamn himself as own words and longstreet was not finished though he promptlywrote another article for the philadelphia times in march of 1878 whoring early's quote ill natured andsplenetic
attacks everybody listening this on youtube thattheir computer splenetic i'll go down the water cooler be like you're so splenetic well guess what juablearly had that article promptly reprinted in shsp and ripped that to shreds to an 1880s longstreet wrote forarticles for the century magazine that were later reprinted in battles andleaders although invited by the editors early did not respond to these the shsptest period done its job and longstreet's reputation lay in tatters longstreet's death in 1904 less than 5%of the united confederate veteran
chapters approve resolutions of tributeto james longstreet that's how thorough jubal early destroyed him now a lot of yougettysburg buffs that have been interested in this battlefield along timecan remember when they were raising funds for the erection of a monument tojames longstreet what year was it 92 93 here and ride out here and whatwas their campaign slogan it's time it's about time ok where is that go back to that my nameit never gets corrected because it didn't have any support while theconfederate veterans were alive and that is a large part due to do jubal early thatcoincides with the rise of robert e lee
in the fall of james longstreet speaking of that ladies and gentlemenas i include here it's hard to think that one man can have that muchinfluence own one thing like southern history or you know the the way thatwe remember and so forth but jubal early is going to be that man it untohimself i urge you if you have a chance i don't know if you watch for you or youi guess i consume information like i read information for instance i gotkicked out of the best office in the whole bill they kick me down thebasement in the library yeah so anyway i'm down in the basementand i'm surrounded by buy books which is
that you know make lemonade out oflemons and i've got nine thousand volumes each one of them is slightlydifferent if i pull out those books and i have a book if i'm preparing a programi'll unfold three or four books and each one of them have all opened it once andeach one will be slightly different and then i have to make a judgment which onei think is correct and then since i've been doing that so long since i've been doing that so long i translate that intomy personal life people tell me stories automatically thinking wow how couldthat be true you know or sit down i watch the news and i think what doesthis person bias right here so i urge
you going back to the original pointwhen somebody tells you something when you're studying the american civil warand you take something for granted because you've heard it so many timeswhy don't you take a fresh look at it why don't you make up your own mind youbut early would not like that well depends on how you made up yourmind right there ok but i hate that i feel that you knowalong with the new getting off on a tangent here but the news and so forthyou know whatever happened to neutral neutrality alright you think i wanted toread alan t. nolan to you you really think i name my kid after robert e lee
but i did it because that's the fairthing to do they give you both sides of the coin right there and everything thatearly said was not true but everything that jubal early said was not untrueeither and that is what i leave for you to ponder here today what is true andwhat is untrue an unreconstructed rebel to the in jubal early would die on march2nd 1894 southern veteran robert stiles wrote that "no man ever took up hispen to write a line about the great conflict without the fear of jubal earlybefore his eyes." ladies and gentlemen jubal early thankyou very much
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